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Income tax

Old vs. New Tax Regimes in India: Which is Better for Incomes Above ₹15 Lakhs?

Choosing between the old and new tax regimes in India can significantly impact your tax liability, especially for incomes above ₹15 lakhs. This blog delves into the advantages and disadvantages of both regimes, providing a detailed comparison to help you make an informed decision. Learn about available deductions, tax rates, and scenarios to see which regime offers the most tax savings for your income level.

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When it comes to choosing the right tax regime for an income exceeding ₹15 lakhs in India, the decision hinges on a variety of factors, including available deductions, exemptions, and personal financial strategies. The Indian government offers two tax regimes – the old regime, which allows for various deductions and exemptions, and the new regime, which features lower tax rates but without most deductions and exemptions. This blog aims to break down both regimes to help you make an informed choice.

Old Tax Regime: Benefits and Considerations

Benefits of the Old Tax Regime

  • Deductions under Section 80C:
    • Up to ₹1.5 lakhs can be claimed for investments in PPF, EPF, LIC premiums, ELSS, and other specified instruments.
  • House Rent Allowance (HRA):
    • If you live in rented accommodation, HRA can significantly reduce your taxable income.
  • Standard Deduction:
    • A flat ₹50,000 deduction is available for salaried individuals.
  • Medical Insurance (Section 80D):
    • Premiums paid for health insurance for self, family, and parents can be claimed up to ₹75,000.
  • Home Loan Interest (Section 24):
    • Interest paid on a home loan is deductible up to ₹2 lakhs.
  • Additional Deductions:
    • Contributions to the National Pension System (NPS) under Section 80CCD(1B), donations under Section 80G, and others.

Considerations

  • Complexity: The old regime requires meticulous documentation and knowledge of various sections and applicable limits.
  • Planning: To maximize benefits, careful financial planning and investment in eligible instruments are necessary.

New Tax Regime: Benefits and Considerations

Benefits of the New Tax Regime

  • Simplified Structure: The new regime offers a straightforward tax calculation process with lower tax rates for different slabs.
  • Lower Tax Rates: The tax rates are reduced across various income slabs, making it potentially more attractive for those who do not avail many deductions.
  • Flexibility: Ideal for taxpayers who do not want to lock in their money in specified investments merely for the sake of tax benefits.

Tax Rates Under the New Regime

  • Income up to ₹2.5 lakhs: Nil
  • ₹2.5 to ₹5 lakhs: 5%
  • ₹5 to ₹7.5 lakhs: 10%
  • ₹7.5 to ₹10 lakhs: 15%
  • ₹10 to ₹12.5 lakhs: 20%
  • ₹12.5 to ₹15 lakhs: 25%
  • Above ₹15 lakhs: 30%

Considerations

  • No Deductions or Exemptions: Most deductions and exemptions available under the old regime are not applicable.
  • Suitability: More beneficial for those who have fewer deductions and do not wish to engage in tax-saving investments.

Case Study: Tax Calculation for Income Above ₹15 Lakhs

Scenario 1: Old Tax Regime

Assume an individual with an income of ₹20 lakhs and the following deductions:

  • Section 80C: ₹1.5 lakhs
  • Section 24(b) (Home Loan Interest): ₹2 lakhs
  • Section 80D (Health Insurance): ₹50,000
  • Standard Deduction: ₹50,000

Total Deductions: ₹4.5 lakhs

Taxable Income: ₹20 lakhs - ₹4.5 lakhs = ₹15.5 lakhs

Tax Calculation:

  • Up to ₹2.5 lakhs: Nil
  • ₹2.5 to ₹5 lakhs: 5% of ₹2.5 lakhs = ₹12,500
  • ₹5 to ₹10 lakhs: 20% of ₹5 lakhs = ₹1 lakh
  • ₹10 to ₹15.5 lakhs: 30% of ₹5.5 lakhs = ₹1.65 lakhs

Total Tax: ₹12,500 + ₹1 lakh + ₹1.65 lakhs = ₹2.7625 lakhs

Scenario 2: New Tax Regime

For the same income of ₹20 lakhs without any deductions:

Taxable Income: ₹20 lakhs

Tax Calculation:

  • Up to ₹2.5 lakhs: Nil
  • ₹2.5 to ₹5 lakhs: 5% of ₹2.5 lakhs = ₹12,500
  • ₹5 to ₹7.5 lakhs: 10% of ₹2.5 lakhs = ₹25,000
  • ₹7.5 to ₹10 lakhs: 15% of ₹2.5 lakhs = ₹37,500
  • ₹10 to ₹12.5 lakhs: 20% of ₹2.5 lakhs = ₹50,000
  • ₹12.5 to ₹15 lakhs: 25% of ₹2.5 lakhs = ₹62,500
  • ₹15 to ₹20 lakhs: 30% of ₹5 lakhs = ₹1.5 lakhs

Total Tax: ₹12,500 + ₹25,000 + ₹37,500 + ₹50,000 + ₹62,500 + ₹1.5 lakhs = ₹2.875 lakhs

Conclusion: Which Regime is Better?

For an individual with an income above ₹15 lakhs, the old tax regime might be more beneficial if they can maximize the deductions and exemptions available. As shown in the case study, the total tax liability under the old regime (₹2.7625 lakhs) is slightly lower than the new regime (₹2.875 lakhs) for the given scenario.

However, if managing and planning for deductions is cumbersome or if the individual prefers a simplified tax process, the new regime could be a more convenient option despite the slightly higher tax liability.

Ultimately, the best choice depends on personal financial circumstances, the extent of eligible deductions, and the preference for simplicity versus maximized tax savings. Evaluating both regimes based on your unique situation is crucial to making the optimal decision.

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Note-All the aforementioned information in the article is taken from authentic resources and has been published after moderation. Any change in the information other than fact must be believed as a human error. For queries mail us at marketing@myitronline.com



Krishna Gopal Varshney, Founder & CEO of Myitronline Global Services Private Limited at Delhi. A dedicated and tireless Expert Service Provider for the clients seeking tax filing assistance and all other essential requirements associated with Business/Professional establishment. Connect to us and let us give the Best Support to make you a Success. Visit our website for latest Business News and IT Updates.


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Krishna Gopal Varshney

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Krishna Gopal Varshney, Founder & CEO of Myitronline Global Services Private Limited at Delhi. A dedicated and tireless Expert Service Provider for the clients seeking tax filing assistance and all other essential requirements associated with Business/Professional establishment. Connect to us and let us give the Best Support to make you a Success. Visit our website for latest Business News and IT Updates.

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